We hear from Stoney Stanton in this county, that about a fortnight ago, a mad dog got in amongst the herd of cattle kept in the open fields there, and bit the greatest part of the herd, consisting chiefly of milch-beasts; that 14 of ’em are already gone mad, which they have been obliged to shoot and bury; and that many more are tied up and supposed to be likewise bit; to add to the calamity, two children were bit by the same dog.
The following is Dr. James’s Recipe for curing the Bite of a Mad-Dog, taken from his Treatise on canine Madness, lately published, and in which are many instances of its being given with great success, and never known to fail.
The Method of CURE
Rub into the part where the wound was received, a dram or more of any mercurial ointment, as soon as possible after the bite. That made by rubbing in a mortar two parts of hog’s lard with one of crude quicksilver will do; but equal parts of hog’s lard and crude quicksilver will be better, though it requires more trouble to unite them; for great care should be taken to incorporate well the quicksilver with the lard. This should be repeated every day for a week; but if it can be done twice a day without salivation, it is the better. The evening of the same day let the patient take the following medicine.
TAKE of Turpeth Mineral, from three to eight grains, according to the strength of the patient, and the degree of infection received, so far as can be judged from the bite; Camphire an equal quantity. Let this be made with any conserve, as that of hips, into a bolus, or ball. This may possibly vomit, though the Camphire is added to prevent it. This dose should be repeated the next evening but one; and again after forty-eight hours interval. This cannot be done without some hazzard of a salivation, especially in some constitutions. It must, therefore, be watched, and upon the first approach of any soreness in the mouth, or slavering, the farther use of this medicine shall be deferred till that cease, and then be resumed.
About two or three days after the last dose, if no accidents happen as to salivation, the patient should bathe in cold water over head every day, till the day before the nest full or new moon. And that day let the dose of Turpeth Mineral be repeated for three times, as before; but I think the dose may then be less, as two or three grains. And after the third dose let the patient again bathe as before; and let this method be repeated for three or four succeeding periods of the moon.
This is the preservative method for the human species; but it will succeed equally well with brutes, though it is impossible to specify the exact doses for them, as some are large, and others small, and consequently require larger or smaller doses. In general, for a dog of a moderate size, six or seven grains of the Turpeth Mineral are sufficient.
But when any symptoms of the distemper begin to appear, somebody of skill should attend; for then the cure depends upon saturating the body, as much as possible, with Mercury, without raising a salivation precipitately, and so as to injure the patient. Therefore more Mercury should be rubbed in, and more frequent doses of Turpeth Mineral should be exhibited, as not a moment must be lost. When this method is pursued, no heating medicines should be given on any account. Nervous medicines, therefore, which in general excite heat, are to be carefully avoided. As yet no instance has come to my knowledge of a cure performed by any of the preparations of Opium, nor by Musk without Mercury.